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( Imperata cylindrica(L) Beauv.var.mayor(Nees) C.E.Hubb)

Family : Gramineae or Poaceae

Seagegrass ( Imperata cylindrical ( L.) Beauv.var.mayor<>),

Posture: Herb, grassed, creep, 30-180 high cm.

Bar: Rhizome, creep is subterranean, straightening bar form an inflorescence, compact, with rare.of furry

leaf: single, Basal is each other closing, blade; in form of ribbon, keen sharp-pointed back part, straightened, harsh, with rare of furry, measure of 12-80 cm. x 35-18 cm.

Flower: Compound spika compound formation, rather bud, 6-28 long cm, every branch have 2 seed, branch 2,5-5 cm, flower handle of 1-3 mm, gluma 1; tip of cilia, 3-6 blood-vessel, Lemma 1 ( locked up); wide ovoid, short cilia 1,5-2,5 mm. Lemma 2 ( locked up); long, 0,5-2,5 sharp-pointed mm. Palea ( locked up); 0,75-2 mm.

Stamen: lead gist;sari of 2,5-3,5 mm, white of brass or is purple.

Pistil: Stigma in form of quill.

Fruit: paddy type.

Seed: in form of ellipse, 1 long mm is more.

Time flowered : January - December.

Distribution area, Conducting and habitat: In emergence Java at height up to 2700 m above sea level, at open areas or semi lockups; marsh; at land with good aeration; at opened pot is cleans areas; riparian; ekstensif at secondary forest; combustible secondhand area; as weed in farm; plantation and garden. This plant can influence crop kultivasi is other, because requirement of high relative sodium.

Propagation: multiply by itself. Every time of rhizome is harvested from plant which have been is matured.

Good rhizome of pale chromatic, with cold and sweet flavor. Seagegrass can cause degradation of land hydrogen ion exponent. Level of degradation of resistance and hydrogen ion exponent to nitrification process show existence of positive correlation with growth of seagegrass

Part which applied for medical drug is the root. in reality, The root applicable to reduce temperature, launch urine, discontinue haemorrahage, and as drug for haemorrahage at nose, vomit blood, gonorrhoea ( matter urine), hepatitis, kidney infection. Research find that seagegrass containing mannitol, glucose, sour malic, cittrate, coixol, arundoin, silindrin, fernerol, simiarenol, anemonin, esin, alkali, saponin, taninin, and polifenol.

LOCAL NAME: Naleueng lakoe (Aceh); Jih (Gayo); Rih, Ri (Batak); Oo (Nias); Alalang, Hilalang, Ilalang (Minang kabau); Lioh (Lampung); Halalang, Tingen, Padang, Tingan, Puang, Buhang, Belalang, Bolalang (Dayak); Eurih (Sunda); Alang-alang kambengan (Jawa); Kebut, Lalang (Madura); Ambengan, Lalang (BaIi); Kii, Rii (FIores); Padengo, Padanga (Gorontalo); Deya (Bugis); Erer, Muis, Wen (Seram); Weli, Welia, Wed (Ambon).

FOREIGN NAME: Cogon grass, satintail (En). Paillotte (Fr). Malaysia: lalang, alang-alang. Papua New Guinea: kunai (Pidgin), kurukuru (Barakau, Central Province). Philippines: kogon (Tagalog), gogon (Bikol), bulum (Ifugao). Burma (Myanmar): kyet-mei. Cambodia: sbö’:w. Laos: hnha:z kh’a:. Thailand: ya-kha, laa laeng, koe hee (Karen, Mae Hong Son). Vietnam: c [or] tranh.

NAME OF SIMPLISIA Imperatae Rhizoma; seagegrass rhizome

Effect Farmakologis : Sweet flavor and cold character, anti is pyretic ( degradation of heat), diuretic ( peluruh kemih), hemostatic ( discontinue haemorrhage), lung median admission, bounce up and small intestine.

Composition :

Root: Metabolite which have been found at seagegrass root consisting of arundoin, fernenol, isoarborinol, silindrin, simiarenol, campesterol, stigmasterol, ß- sitosterol, scopoletin, skopolin, p-hidroksibenzaladehida, catechol, chlorogenic acid, sour isoklorogenat, sour p-kumarat, sour neoklorogenat, acetic acid, oxalic acid, sour d-malat, cittrate, potassium ( 0,75% from dry weight), a large amount of calcium and 5-hidroksitriptamin. From other research result to leaf and root is found 5 kinds of flavonoid generation that is generation 3?,4?,7-trihidroksi flavone, 2?,3?-dihidroksi chalcone and 6-hidroksi flavanol. A flavonoid generation which possibility of cum flavone faction, substitution flavonol at 3-0H, flavanone or isoflavon there are at dissolve extract faction in etilasetat seagegrass root. At dissolve extract faction in seagegrass root water found by flavone compound faction without bunch OH is free, flavone, substitution flavonol at 3-0H, flavanone, or isoflavon.

Part of the applied crop : root, rhizome ( Leaf) and flower. can applied freshness or the dried.

Way of conducting :

Propagation with rootstock or rhizome. This crop very easy to grow and there are dimana-mana around us. Is wild plant and strike as weed. Wild emergence in roadside, in farm and in forest. This plant including chronical sodium, height can reach 180 cm. Solid bar, with hair/furry rare. Leaf in form of ribbon, green chromatic, surface of harsh leaf. Inflorescence in the form of seed, white colour, flower which located in top is perfect flower and which located in under is barren flower. Flower easy to controled the flight of by wind.

Rhizome: Husk emollient; peluruh urine (deuritic), blood cleaner, passion adder eat, haemorrhage stopper. despitefully can be applied by cupula in the effort medication of venereal disease ( matter urine, blood urine, syphilis), kidney ailment, hurt, fever, high blood pressure and nerve disease. All part of plants are applied as feed hewan,bahan kertas,dan for medication of manges.

BIOLOGICAL EFFECT and PHARMACOLOGY Infusa effect seagegrass rhizome as diuretics, on the basis of increasing of concentration of electrolyte ( Na,K,Cl) white mouse urine is masculine. Giving of infusa seagegrass root with dose of 40, 50, 60, 70 g/kgBB effect antipiretik at marmot. Infusa seagegrass flower at concentration of 10% with dose of 12 ml/ kgBB effect antipiretik relative equal to suspension parasetamol 10% at pigeon.

Clinic test: Dekokta seagegrass root with dose of 250-300 g, 2 evening and morning times can heal 27 case out of acute 30 nephritis patient. At chronic nephritis, seagegrass herb can lessen oedema and reduce blood pressure. Dekokta herb of 250 g in the form of unique and also combined with leaf and rhizome Nelumbo nucifera and leaf Agrimonia pilosa can cure epistaksis ( nosebleed), hemoptisis ( bleeding cough), hematuri ( blood urine), menorrhagia, and gastrointestinal haemorrhage is upper.

Despitefully reported also that dekokta seagegrass root earning is effective for medication of hepatitis viral is acute at 28 case; usually applied together with Plantago asiatica, Glechoma longituba and bydm soriyt Artemisia capillaris.

Toxicity: At usage of according to order, practical not be toxic. Not effect dfinginkan: confused, Queasy, existence of increasing of flavor wish to defecation, sometime happened at usage of clinic.

Technological of pharmacy: Seagegrass leaf cellulose have absorpsion to good enough relative water in tablet manufacture direct compressionly.

Traditional recipe:

Channel infection Kemih and Urine A few

If suffering infection at channel kemih, better soon check at doctor. This ingredient serve the purpose of medicinize alternative of curative side from doctor.


Seagegrass rhizome of 6 gram

Key rhizome pepet 5 gram

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